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Bergen Brick Stone & Tile
 
Step 1 : Excavation

The following information should be used as a guide as you prepare to install interlocking pavers yourself.

Step 1: EXCAVATION
Step 2: BASE

Carefully mark off the perimeter of the project site by outlining the area to be excavated.
The excavation must be carried out in such a way as to create a 2% slope to allow for proper drainage. This same slope will be repeated later on by the surface of the granular base, the leveling bed and the finished surface of the pavers. Level and compact the bottom of the excavated area.

NATURE OF PROJECT TYPE OF SOIL MINIMUM REQUIRED
EXCAVATION LENGTH
MINIMUM THICKNESS
OF GRANULAR BASE
Residential Driveway
clay
15”
12”
 
gravel
11”
8”
Walkway or patio
clay
9”
6”
 
gravel
7”
44”
Step 2 : Base
paver Installation guideTo prevent contamination of granular base, the use of geotextile is recommended, particularly where clay-like soils are involved.

Spread and compact 0 - 3/4” crushed stone in successive layers of 4” to form the base. Compact the materials using an appropriate vibrating roller: When this operation is completed to the desired height, the ground contour should be the same as that of the paved surface.

To provide effective support for the cement curbing and paving stones, the granular base must extend at least 8” beyond the outer edge of what will be the finished paved surface, throughout the perimeter.

paver install guide2The installation of curbing will require slight excavation and alignment, and, finally backfilling and compacting with crushed stone around the curbing. The recommended base for cement pavers is a layer of non-compacted concrete sand approximately 1” thick. This laying bed can be leveled using a straight edge moved along two guides placed on the compacted granular base.
Go To Step 3 : Layering the Pavers
 
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